(IAPR MVA '98)

November 17-19, 1998, Fujitsu Makuhari Lab., Chiba, Japan

Table of Contents

Front Messages in the Proceedings

Session 1: Image

Enhanced Vision for the Teleoperator of an All-Terrain Fast Mobile Robot 1
C. Tavanti* and J. Devars**, *GIAT Industries, **Univ. of Paris 6, France
Feature-Based Image Mosaicing 5
N. Chiba, H. Kano, M. Higashihara, M. Yasuda and M. Osumi, Sanyo Electric Co. ,Ltd. , Japan
Randomized Adaptive Algorithms for Mosaicing Systems 11
F. Nielsen, Sony Computer Science Laboratory Inc. , Japan
Oriented Hausdorff Similarity Measure for Object Matching 15
D-G. Sim and R-H. Park, Sogang Univ., Korea
Acquiring a Radiance Distribution to Superimpose Virtual Objects onto Real Scene 19
I. Sato, Y. Sato and K. Ikeuchi, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan

Session 2: Intelligent Transportation System & Navigation

A Video-based System Methodology for Detecting Red Light Runners 23
A. H. S. Lai and N. H. C. Yung, Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
A Novel Lane Model for Lane Boundary Detection 27
Y. Wang, D. Shen, E. K. Teoh and H. Wang, Nanyang Technological Univ. , Singapore
Detection of the Front Vehicle from the Stereoscopic Image Using Hierarchy Process 31
N. Tsunashima and M. Nakajima, Keio Univ., Japan
Integrated Vision/Control System for Autonomous Planetary Rovers 34
T. Huntsberger, T. Kubota and J. Rose, Univ. of South Carolina, USA
Autonomous Robot Navigation by Active Visual Motion Analysis and Understanding 38
S. S. Park and A. Sowmya, Univ. of New South Wales, Australia

Session 3: Poster Session 1

Generation and Update of 3D-City Models from Maps and Elevation Data 42
U. Stilla, R. Geibel and E. Repasi, Research Institute for Processing and Pattern Recognition, Germany
Clustering of Learning Images and Generation of Multiple Prototypes for Object Recognition 46
J. Jia and K. Abe, Shizuoka Univ. , Japan
Generation of Missing Medical Slices Using Morphing Technology 50
A. E. Hassanien, H. Karam, H. Akter and M. Nakajima, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
Handwritten Chinese Character Segmentation Using Local Potential Threshold and Minimum Potential Search 57
M. Anegawa*, H. Kuroda*, S. Miyahara*, K. Tsuruhara** and A. Nakamura***, *Nagasaki Univ. , **Nitsuko Corporation, ***Kumamoto Institute of Technology, Japan
An Efficient Matching Algorithm for Segment-Based Stereo Vision Using Dynamic Programming Technique 61
T. Ueshiba*, Y. Kawai*, Y. Sumi* F. Tomita* and Y. Ishiyama**, *Electrotechnical Laboratory, **Stanley Electric Co. ,Ltd. , Japan
Improved Disparity Estimation by Matching with an Adaptive Window 65
E. Izquierdo, Univ. of Essex, UK
On a High-Speed Hough Transform Algorithm MRHT 69
K. Kato*, T. Endo**, K. Murakami***, T. Toriu** and H. Koshimizu****, *Gifu Univ. , **Fijitsu Laboratories Ltd. , ***Aichi Pref. Univ., ****Chukyo Univ. , Japan
A System for Extracting Aesthetic Information from Architectural Drawings 73
K. Terzidis, Univ. of California at Los Angeles, USA
An Approach to Vehicle Recognition Using Supervised Learning 77
T. Kato and Y. Ninomiya, Toyota central R&D Labs. , Inc. , Japan
A Method of Robust Seam Feature Detection from Profiles for Robotic Sealing 81
K. Arakawa*, T. Kakizaki* and S. Omyo**, *NTT Human Interface Laboratories, **Honda Engineering Co. ,Ltd. , Japan
Color Cell Image Segmentation Using Pyramidal Constraint Satisfaction Neural Network. 85
F. Kurugöllü* and B. Sankur**, *TUBITAK Marmara Research Center, **Bogazici Univ. , Turkey
New Design and Implementation of On-Sensor-Compression 89
T. Hamamoto*, Y. Ohtsuka** and K. Aizawa**, *Science Univ. of Tokyo, **Univ. of Tokyo, Japan
Contour-Based Person Localizaion by 3D Neural Fields and Steerable Filters 93
A. Corradini, U-D. Braumann, H-J. Boehme and H-M. Gross, Technical Univ. of Ilmenau, Germany
A Novel Application of Real-Time Face Tracking and Microphones Array to Pick up Human Voice Remotely and Clearly 97
H. Mizoguchi, T. Shigehara, M. Yokoyama and T. Mishima, Saitama Univ. , Japan
Automatic Seal Verification by Calculating Distance Between 2D and 3D Patterns 98
T. Horiuchi* and N. Yamaguchi**, *Iwate Prefectural Univ. , **Univ. of Tsukuba, Japan
Detection of Curvilinear Structures Using the Euclidean Distance Transform 102
J-H. Jang and K-S. Hong, POSTECH, Korea
Book Recognition from Color Images of Book Shelves 106
Y. Akiyama and M. Ito, Kogakuin Univ. , Japan
Proposal of Query by Short-Time Action Descriptions in a Scene 111
H. Miyamori*, T. Echigo** and S. Iisaku*, *Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, **IBM Research, Japan
A Computed Imaging System Using Wavelets Sampling Model 115
H. Du*, N. Tayama*, M. Daibo*, T. Hasegawa** and K. Seki*, *Iwate Univ. , **Iwate Industrial Univ. , Japan
Stable Gesture Verification in Eigen Space 119
S. Hiratsuka*, K. Ohba**, S. Kajikawa***, H. Inooka* and K. Tanie**, *Tohoku Univ. , **Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, ***Miyagi National Collage of Technology, Japan
Genetic Hough Transform for Curves Detection 123
Y. D. Wang* and N. Funakubo**, *Media Drive Corporation, **Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, Japan
Automatic Reconstruction of 3D Human Face from CT and Color Photographs 127
A. M. Haider and T. Kaneko, Toyohashi Univ. of Technology, Japan
Optimum Design Parameters of the Classifiers for Omni-Font Machine-Printed Numeral Recognition Based on the Minimum Classification Error Criterion 131
K. Marukawa, K. Nakashima, H. Shinjo, Y. Shima and H. Fujisawa, Hitachi, Ltd. , Japan
Single Lens Stereo with a Biprism 136
D. H. Lee*, I. S. Kweon** and R. Cipolla**, *KAIST, **Univ. of Cambridge, Korea
Parallel Vision Computing on a Network of Workstation Clusters 140
J. You, A. Sattar and L. Vlavic, Griffith Univ. , Australia
Gradient Estimation in Uncertain Data 144
F. de Jong, L. J. van Vliet and P. P. Jonker, Delft Univ. of Technology, Netherlands
An Application Model for Scientific Visualization in Hydrologic Basins Management 148
E. S. Carvalho, Universidade de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro,Portugal
A System for Automated Generation of Deformed Maps 149
H. Honda*, K. Yamamori**, K. Kajita**, and J. Hasegawa*, *Chukyo Univ. , **Oki Technosystems Laboratory, Inc. , Japan
A Crack Detection Method in Road Surface Images Using Morphology 154
N. Tanaka and K. Uematsu, Kobe Univ, of Mercantile Marine, Japan
A Hierarchical Method of Recognizing Plant Species by Leaf Shapes 158
C. Im*, H. Nishida** and T. L. Kunii***, *Univ. of Tokyo, **Ricoh Co. ,Ltd. , ***Hosei Univ. , Japan
Fuzzy Color-space Based Segmentation Algorithm on Medical Image 162
P. Shi and S. Pengfei, Shanghai Tong Univ., China
Fuzzy Logic Based Satellite Image Classification: Generation of Fuzzy Membership Function and Rule from Training Set 163
W. Park and H-K. Lee, Korea Adv. Institute of Sci. and Tech, Korea

Session 4: Invited Talk 1

Machine Vision for Intelligent Robots 167
Rainer Bischoff & Volker Graefe*, Institute of Measurement Science, Bundeswehr Univ. Munich

Session 5: Factory Automation

Hybrid Defect Detection Method Based on Shape Measurement and Feature Extraction for Complex Patterns 177
H. H. Kobayashi, Y. Hara, H. Doi, K. Takai and A. Sumiya, Hitachi Ltd. , Japan
Fast Search Algorithms for IC Printed Mark Quality Inspection 183
M-C. Chang*, H-Y. Chen** and C-S. Fuh*, *National Taiwan Univ. , **Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan
Feature Extraction for Electronic Equipment Manufacturing 189
P. Marino, M. A. Dominguez, Univ. of Vigo, Spain
A Way to Exploit Highlights in Metallic Environment for Pipes Localization. 195
C. Awanzino*, L. Letellier**, J. M. Lavest*, M. Dhome* and C. Faye***, *Univ. Blaise Pascal, **CEA-LETI, ***ENSEA-ETIS, France
Integrated Techniques for Self-Organisation, Sampling, Habituation, and Motion-Tracking in Visual Robotics Applications 199
M. W. Peters and A. Sowmya, Univ. of New South Wales, Australia

Session 6: Feature Extraction

Contour Tracer for a Fast and Precise Edge-Line Extraction 203
C. Robl, Dr-Ing. G. Farber, Technische Universitat Munchen, Germany
Gray Level Corner Detection 207
H. Wang, Z. Zheng and E. K. Teoh, Nanyang Technological Univ. , Singapore
Flexible Features in Texture with Similarity 211
J. Kuan, D. Joyce and P. Lewis, Univ. of Southampton, UK
A Practical Method to Recognize a Flat Object Using a Combination of Intenstity Profiles 216
Y. Okamoto and E. Tanaka, Toshiba Corporation, Japan

Session 7: Geographic Information System

A Map-Based Approach to Extracting Object Information from Aerial Images 220
Y. Ogawa, K. Iwamura and S. Kakumoto, Hitachi, Ltd. , Japan
Modeling of Urban Scenes by Aerial Photographs and Simply Reconstructed Buildings 224
K. Kamei*,W. Hoy**,T. Tamada*,K. Seo*,*Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, **Univ. of British Columbia, Japan
3D Reconstruction of Buildings and Vegetation from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Images 228
M. Kirscht and C. Rinke, Universität Hannover, Germany
Reconstruction Textured Urban 3D Model by Fusing Ground-Based Laser Range Image and CCD Image 232
H. Zhao and R. Shibasaki, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan
Image Sequence Retrieval for Forecasting Weather Radar Echo Pattern 238
K. Otsuka*, T. Horikoshi* and S. Suzuki**, * NTT Human Interface Laboratories, **NTT Multimedia Business Department, Japan

Session 8: Poster Session 2

Automatic Judgement of Spinal Deformity from Moire Images Employing Asymmetry of Local Centroids Location 242
H. S. Kim*, K. Ishida*, S. Ishikawa* and Y. Ohtsuka**, *Kyushu Institute of Technology, **National Sanatorium Chiba Higashi Hospital, Japan
Cracks and Displacement Feature Extraction of the Concrete Block Surface 246
S-H. Cho, K. Hisatomi and S. Hashimoto, Waseda Univ. , Japan
Automatic Prostate Cancer Grading System Based on 3-D Histo-Pathological Images 250
P. S. U. Adiga and B. B. Chaudhuri, Indian Statistical Institute, India
Real Time Visual Servoing Around a Complex Object 254
F. Berry, P. Martinet and J. Galilee, Universite Blaise Pascal de Clermont Ferrand, France
2-D Non-Separable Wavelet Bases for Texture Classification with Genetic Feature Selection 258
B. Y. Liao*, J. S. Pan*, J. W. Wang** and L. Hon*, *National Kaohsiung Institute of Technology, **National Cheng Kung Univ. , Taiwan
Improvement in Accuracy of Respiration Pattern Detection on Visual Sensing System 262
Y. Miyake*,K. Ishihara*, H. Shinmori*, H. Otsuka*, H. Nakai**, M. Watanabe**, K. Takada***, K. Yamashita**** and T. Araki****, *Ehime Univ. , **Toshiba Co. , ***Toshiba Eng. , ****Graduate Sc. of Eng. , Japan
Localization Based on the Gradient Information for DEM matching 266
D-G. Sim and R-H. Park, Sogang Univ. , Korea
An Efficient Technique for Motion Recovery Based on Multiple Views 270
J. K. Tan, S. Kawabata and S. Ishikawa, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan
Auto-Calibration of a Rotating and Zooming Camera 274
Y. Seo and K-S. Hong, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology, Korea
Seafloor Texture Classification with a Multiscale Discriminant Analysis on High Resolution Sonar Images 278
J. Lemoyne, C. Collet, French Naval Academy, France
An Extended Geometric Approach in Active Vision to Detect and Eliminate Specularity in Shiny Colored Objects 282
P. Gunaratne and Y. Sato, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Japan
Detection of Crowds of People by Use of Wavelet Features and Parameter Free Statistical Models 286
D. Faulhaber, H. Niemann and P. Weierich, Bavarian Research Center for Knowledge Based Systems (Forwiss) , Germany
Orientation and Scale Invariant Text Region Extraction in WWW Images 290
T. Park, D. Kim and K. Chung, Soongsil Univ. , Korea
A New Approach to Minimize the Energy of Deformable Contours 294
E. de la Fuente, F. M. Trespaderne and J. R. Perán, Univ. of Valladolid, Spain
Extraction of Character Strings from House Maps 297
T. Simasaki and T. Watanabe, Nagoya Univ. f Japan
Acquiring 3D Model of Object by Motion-Stereo 301
C. Wang and K. Sakaue, ETL, Japan
A Morphological Approach to Fish Discrimination 306
Y. Nagashirna*, T. Ishimatsu**, *Sasebo National College of Technology, **Nagasaki Univ. , Japan
Texture Image Segmentation Using Wavelet Filters and Cellular Neural Network 310
G. Liu and S. Oe, Univ. of Tokushima, Japan
Detection of Building Changes from Aerial Imageries Through Information Fusion 314
W. Lu, T. Doihara and Y. Matsumoto, Asia Air Survey Co. ,Ltd. , Japan
Image Analysis by a Parallel System for Computer Vision Applications 318
A. M. L. Lamole, Faculte des Sciences de Guadelpupe, France
Mobile Motion-Tracking System for Rescue Work at Destroyed Buildings 319
T. Matsumoto and Y. Kitagawa, Hyogo Prefectural Institute of Industrial Research, Japan
Error Sources and Error Reduction in Gradient-Based Method with Local Optimization 323
A. Osa, L. Zhang and H. Miike, Yamaguchi Univ. , Japan
Cooperative Relaxation Algorithm of Range Images Using Surface Curvatures 327
E-J. Lee*, K-H. Hyun**, G. Min***, K-R. Kwon**** and I-G. Jeong*****, *Tongmyong Univ. of Information Technology, **Youngsan Univ. , ***KBS, ****Pusan Univ. of Foreign Studies, *****Yecheon Junior College, Korea
Intensity Calibration for Stereo Images Based on Segment Correspondence 331
Y. Kawai and F. Tomita, Electrotechnical Laboratory, Japan
Robust Extraction of 3D Structures by Fusion of Intensity-Based and Contour-Based Junction Features 335
M. Mokhtari, A. Bubel and R. Bergevin, Laval Univ. , Canada
The Automatic Detection and Recognition of Objective Parts in Real-World Building Image 339
J. Haomin and M. Sakauchi, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan
Model Management in the System Generating Vision Inspections 343
M. Krcmár and P. Kodl, Rockwell Automation Ltd. , Czech Republic
Smart Ultrasonic Vision System for Mobile Robots 347
R. Kazys, L. Mazeika, R. Šliteris and L. Svilainis, Kaunas Univ. of Technology, Lithuania
Neural Network Based Handwritten Character Recognition for Conflict Resolution. 351
K. V. Prema and N. V. S. Reddy, Univ. of BDT College of Engineering, India
Recognizing Buildings in Urban Scene of Distant View 355
P. Liu, K. Ikeuchi and M. Sakauchi, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan

Session 9: Invited Talk 2

Recent Trend of Development and Application in Range Imaging 359
Prof. Seiji Inokuchi, Osaka Univ.

Session 10: Recognition and Reconstruction

Adaptive Color Structured Light 367
D. Caspi, N. Kiryati and J. Shamir, Tel Aviv Univ. , Israel
Successive Pose Clustering for Steroscopic Object Recognition 371
T. Shakunaga and T. Ohno, Okayama Univ. , Japan
Facet Matching from an Uncalibrated Pair of Images 376
L. Theiler and H. Chabbi, Univ. of Fribourg, Switzerland
3D Fundus Shape Reconstruction and Display From Stereo Fundus Images 380
K. Deguchi, D. Kawamata, K. Mizutani, H. Hontani and K. Wakabayashi, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan
3D Reconstruction of Skin Surface from Image Sequence 384
T. Yamada, H. Saito and S. Ozawa, Keio Univ. , Japan

Session 11: Architecture

A New Image Sensor with Space Variant Sampling Control on a Focal Plane 388
Y. Ohtsuka, T. Hamamoto, K. Aizawa and M. Hatori, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan
A Light Adaptive 4000 Pixels Analog Silicon Retina for Edge Extraction and Motion Detection 392
G. Sicard*, G. Bouvier*, V. Fristot and A. Lelah**,*Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble, **Centre National d'Etudesdes Telecommunications , France
On the Synthesis of a Controller for Handling Borders in Systolic Architectures for 1-D Discrete Wavelet Transform 396
M. Ferretti and D. Rizzo,DIS-Univ. of Pavia, Italy
Design and Realisation of a Parallel Systolic Architecture Dedicated to Aerial Image Matching 402
E. E. Pissaloux*, F. Le Coat*, P. Bonnin, **A. Tissot***, F. Durbin**** and T. Garié***, *Université de Paris, **Université Paris 13 ,***DRIF/DCRE/SEMf France
High Speed 3D Reconstruction by Video Image Pipeline Processing and Division of Spatio-Temporal Space 406
Y. Kameda, T. Taoda and M. Minoh, Kyoto Univ. , Japan

Session 12: Motion

Pointwise "Flow" from a Variational Principle 410
H. P. Trivedi, Defence Evaluation & research agency, UK
Visual Feature Tracking with Automatic Motion Model Switching 414
P. Tissainayagam and D. Suter, Monash Univ. , Australia
Optical Flow-Based Person Tracking by Multiple Cameras 418
H. Tsutsui, J. Miura and Y. Shirai, Osaka Univ. , Japan
Moving Object Detection from MPEG Coded Picture 422
S. Mitsumoto, H. Yuasa and H. Zen, Tokyo Univ. of Mercantile Marine, Japan
Optimal Homography Computation with a Reliability Measure 426
K. Kanatani, Gunma Univ. , Japan

Session 13: Poster Session 3

A Comparison of Linear Processor Arrays for Image Processing 430
M. van der Molen and P. Jonker,Delft Univ. of Technology, Netherlands
Segmentation of Neurons Using 435
A. V. Dias*, C. W. Picanco-Diniz*, S. Gorçon**, *Federal Univ. of Pará, **Federal Univ. of São Carlos, Brazil
Segmentation of Handwritten Kanji Numerals Integrating Peripheral Information by Bayesian Rule 439
T. Kagehiro, M. Koga, H. Sako and H. Fujisawa, Hitachi,Ltd. , Japan
Selection/Substitution of Visual Features for Object Tracking 443
A. Pasqual, K. Aizawa and M. Hatori, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan
An Interface for Visualizing Feature Space in Image Retrieval 447
Y. Musha*, A. Hiroike*, Y. Mori** and A. Sugimoto*, *Hitachi Ltd, **RWCP, Japan
A Novel Multilevel Thresholding Method Based on Finding the Consistent Peak of Correlation Function 451
M. Sezgin*, R. Taçaltin**,*Tübitak Marmara Research Center, **Istanbul Technical Univ. , Turkey
Automatic Evaluation of the Appearance of Seam Puckers on Suits Using Fractal Dimensions 455
T. Aibara and T. Mabuchi, Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Japan
Offset Vertical Stereo System for Real-Time Range-Finding to Preceding Vehicles 459
N. Miyazaki*, M. Shiohara*, T. Itoh* and S. Fukuyama**, *Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. , **Fujitsu Ten Ltd. , Japan
Reconstruction of Measurement Matrices for Recovering Shape and Motion from Long Image Sequences 463
Y-J. Huang and H. Nishida, Ricoh Co. Ltd, Japan
A Driver Behaviour Evaluation System 467
A. B. Martinez and J. P. Arboleda, Universitat Politéchnica de Cataluñya, Spain
Fast Prototyping of Image Processing Applications Using Functional Skeletons on a MIMD-DM Architecture 468
D. Ginhac, J. Serot and J. P. Derutin, Université blaise Pascal de Clermont Ferrand, France
Image-based Control of Robot and Target Object Motions by Eigen Space Method 472
I. Takahashi and K. Deguchi, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan
XR-US Data Fusion for Non-Destructive Evaluation of Steel Components 476
M. Ancis, A. Campus, D. D. Giusto and F. Tintrup, Univ. of Cagliari, Italy
Matching of 3D Graphs for Human Motion Analysis 480
C. YÁniz and J. Rocha, Univ. of the Balearic Islands, Spain
An Algorithm for Reducing Text Line Candidates of Incorrect Orientation 484
H. Goto and H. Aso, Tohoku Univ. , Japan
Curve Extraction Using Genetic Algorithm Based on Closeness and Continuity in Perceptive Grouping Factors 488
F. Saitoh, Iwate Prefectural Univ. , Japan
A Slanted Ellipse Detection by a Circle Detecting Hough Transform Using a Pair of Arc 494
Y. Asayama and M. Shiono, Okayama Univ. of Science, Japan
A Method of Counting the Passing People by Using the Method of the Template Matching 498
K. Terada and N. Kurokawa, The Univ. of Tokushima, Japan
Hierarchical Dictionary Constructing Method for the Parametric Eigenspace Method 502
T. Abe* and T. Nakamura**, *Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Hokuriku, **NTT Software Laboratories, Japan
Average Grain Size Determination Using Mathematical Morphology and Texture Analysis 506
H. Rautio and O. Silvén, Infotech Oulu, Finland
A Range Finder by Using a Rotary Cubic Mirror 510
K. Terada*, D. Yoshida* and J. Yamaguchi**, *Univ. of Tokushima, **Sogo Security Service Co. ,Ltd,Japan
Enhancement of 3D Information Acquisition from 2D Spatio-Temporal Image 514
C. Li, K. Ikeuchi and M. Sakauchi, Univ. of Tokyo, Japan
Recognition of 3-D Object Shape and Forward Moving Distance by Monocular Motion Stereo for Mobile Robot 519
Y. Suga and N. Ohmori, Keio Univ. , Japan
3-D Objects Mapping Using Model and Image Based Approach 523
T. Shoji, E. Iwanari and Y. Okada, Ryukoku Univ. , Japan
Relaxation Algorithm for Detection of Face Outline and Eye Locations 527
H-J. Lee, D-G. Sim and R-H. Park, Sogang Univ. , Korea
Thin Film Magnetic Head Wafer Inspection Technique Using Geometrical Feature Based Image Comparison 531
A. Shimoda, H. Iwata, Y. Shibata and H. Ikeda, Hitachi Ltd. , Japan
Design and Implementation of Real Time System for Object Detection and Classification on Parallel Virtual Machine 535
T. L. Mengko, T. Adiono, H. Setyawan, R. Setiadarma and D. A. Hudiansyah, Bandung Institute Of Technology, Indonesia
Localization of Objects in Noisy Scenes for Robotics Applications Using Wigner Distribution 539
V. G. Vaidya and R. Kaushal, Siemens Information Systems Ltd. , India
Vehicle Identification System by Automated Korean License Plate Reading 543
Y-K. Choi* and T-H. Cho**, *LG Industrial Systems R&D Center, **Korea, Univ. of Technology, Korea
Model Driven 3-D Shape Reconstruction by Matching Synthesized Images with Actual Images 547
H. Matsui*, Y. Nomura**and S. Fujii***, *Nagoya Univ. , **Mie Univ. ,***Daido Institute of Technology, Japan
A Competitive Learning Algorithm for Color-Based Image Retrieval 551
M. Aïtkbir, M. Jbilou and R. Benslimane, Universite Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Morroco
Registration of Complex Free-Form Objects from 3D Image Edge Using the Hausdorff Distance 555
A. Escobar and D. Laurendeau, Laval Univ. , Canada

Session 14: Invited Talk 3

3D Model Acquisition from Uncalibrated Images 559
Dr. Roberto Cipolla, Univ, of Cambridge

Session 15: Face, Gesture and Signature

Online Gesture Recognition Using Predicative Statistical Feature Extraction and Multivariate Analysis 569
B. Raytchev*, O. Hasgawa** and N. Otsu*, *Tsukuba Univ. , **ELT, Japan
Vision-based Interpretation of Hand Gestures by Modeling Appearance Changes in Image Sequences 573
Y. Zhu, Y. Huang, G. Xu, H. Ren and Z. Wen, Tsinghua Univ. , China
Learning Models of Animal Behaviour for a Robotic Sheepdog 577
N. Sumpter*, A. J. Bulpitt*, R. Vaughan**, R. D. Tillett** and R. D. Boyle*, *Univ. of Leeds, **Silsoe Reserch Institute, UK
Illumination Invariant Face Recognition Using Photometric Stereo 581
S. C. Kee*, S. U. Lee *and K. M. Lee**, *Seoul National Univ. , **Hong-IK Univ. , Korea

** Late Arrival **

A Novel Application of Real-Time Face Tracking and Microphones Array to Pick up Human Voice Remotely and Clearly 585
H. Mizoguchi, T. Shigehara, M. Yokoyama and T. Mishima, Saitama Univ. , Japan
A Driver Behaviour Evaluation System 589
A. B. Martinez and J. P. Arboleda,Universitat Politéchnica de Cataluñya, Spain

Author Index 592